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12 August 2007 @ 08:56 pm
~ Calendrics

Days of the week:

Nichiyoobi - Sunday (nee-chee-yoh-bee)

Getsuyoobi - Monday (get-sue-yoh-bee)

Kayoobi - Tuesday (ka-yoh-bee)

Suiyoobi - Wednesday (sue-ee-yoh-bee)

Mokuyoobi - Thursday (mo-koo-yoh-bee)

Kinyoobi - Friday (kin-yoh-bee)

Doyoobi - Saturday (doh-yoh-bee)

___________ These words use the form desu in the sentence. Present Tense.

yoobi - day

kyoo - today (ky-oh)

Ashita - tomorrow (ah-shi-tah. the 'i' in the shi part is very abreviated, almost to the point of ah-sh-tah in pronunciation.)

Asatte - day after tomorrow
___________

___________ These words use the form deshita in the sentence. Past Tense.

Kinoo - yesterday (kin-oh)

ototoi - day before yesterday (oh-toh-toy)
___________

Present Tense Ex. A) {A} wa nan yoobi desu ka? (What day of the week is it?)
B) {A} desu.
Past Tense Ex. A) {A} wa nan yoobi deshita ka? (What day of the week was it?)
B) {A} deshita.

Example of a full sentence:

Kyoo wa nan yoobi desu ka? (Today what day of the week is it?)
Ashita wa nan yoobi desu ka? (Tomorrow, what day is it?)
Asatte wa nan yoobi desu ka? (Day after tomorrow, what day is it?)

Kinoo wa nan yoobi deshita ka? (what day was it yesterday?)
Ototoi wa nan yoobi deshita ka? (what day was it the day before yesterday?)

End Lesson 6, short, but worth studying.
 
 
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10 August 2007 @ 10:47 pm
{Time}:

~ Ji (hour)

1:00 - ichi-ji
2:00 - ni-ji
3:00 - san-ji
4:00 - yo-ji
5:00 - go-ji
6:00 - roku-ji
7:00 - shichi-ji
8:00 - hachi-ji
9:00 - ku-ji
10:00 - juu-ji
11:00 - juu-ichi-ji
12:00 - juu-ni-ji

~ Hun/Pun (minutes)

1 - ip-pun
2 - ni-hun
3 - san-pun
4 - yon-pun
5 - go-hun
6 - rop-pun
7 - nana-hun
8 - hap-pun
9 - kyuu-hun
10 - jup-pun
11 - juu-ip-pun
12 - juu-ni-hun
13 - juu-san-pun
14 - juu-yon-pun
15 - juu-go-hun
16 - juu-rop-pun
17 - juu-nana-hun
18 - juu-hap-pun
19 - juu-kyuu-hun
20 - ni-jup-pun
21 - ni-jup-ip-pun
30 - san-jup-pun *
40 - yon-jup-pun
50 - go-jup-pun

*Han - exactly half past the hour, 30.
~The P's are excessive to illustrate that the 'p' sound should be somewhat emphasized.

Gozen - AM (Before Noon)
Gogo - PM (After Noon)
Hiru - afternoon
Shoogo - noon (neither AM nor PM)
Yo naka - not specifically midnight (no word for it), but in essence, night middle.

~ Sentence format:

(Gozen/Gogo only if it's not obvious) {A}-ji {B}- hun/pun desu.
it's: (AM/PM) {A} = Hour,{B} = minutes

~ Ima nan-ji desu ka? (What time is it now?)
"For now what hour is it" literally.

{A} wa nan-ji desu ka? (What time is {A}?)

~ A: Ima nan-ji desu ka?
B: Hachi-ji juu-kyuu desu. (It's 8:19)
B: Gozen yo-ji ni-juu-yon-pun desu. (It's 4:24am)
B: Gogo go-ji han desu. (It's 5:30pm) * San-jup-pun would be awkward in place of han.
B: Shoogo desu. (It's noon)
B: Gogo juu-ni-ji go-ju-yon-pun desu. (It's 12:54pm)

~ "Kara" & "Made": Start and end times (respectively)
A) Kurasu wa nan0ji kara desu ka? (What time does class start?) kurasu = class
B) Gogo roku-ji han kara desu. (6:30pm)
A) Kurasu wa nan-ji made desu ka? (What time does class end?)
B) (Kurasu wa) Gogo ku-ji han made desu. (9:30pm)
A) Kurasu wa nan-ji kara nan-ji made desu ka? (__ to __)
B) Kurasu wa gogo roku-ji han kara gogo ku-ji han made desu. (Class is 6:30pm to 9:30pm.)

* If the context is obvious (ex. standing in front of place in question) you can simply say:

A) Nan-ji kara/made desu ka? (when does it open/close?)

Be sure to accentuate the pun words, don't forget your ji after the hour, don't forget your desu. And when asking a question, it's desu ka. :D
 
 
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10 August 2007 @ 10:43 pm
I did it again, holy crap I'm so sorry. Updating asap!
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08 July 2007 @ 04:57 pm
I'm so sorry to have dropped off the face of the earth from this group, I didn't mean to. I'm going to post some more later tonight, I've just been busy with online classes and work and summertime activities. My appologies!
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12 May 2007 @ 07:29 pm
Numbers!

0 - Zero, rei, maru - (zeh-ro, ray, mah-ru. Zero is used in phone numbers, rei and maru I've yet to find out)

1 - Ichi - (ee-chee)

2 - Ni - (Nee, brought to abrupt stop, just like Ni in Monty Python and the Holy Grail, for you geeks)

3 - San - (sahn)

4 - Yon, Shi - (yohn (hold out the o as in hone), she. Yon is counting and time, I honestly don't know when Shi is used)

5 - go - (just like go in english)

6 - roku - (roh-koo)

7 - nana, shichi - (nah-nah, she-chee - Nana is used in counting, shichi in months, days of the month, I think time in general, but the book actually doesn't have a typed out example of 7 o'clock.)

8 - hachi - (hah-chee)

9 - kyuu, ku - (Kyuu (said like the letter Q) for counting in general, ku (coo) is usually the abbreviated form used to form 9-based words)

(Interesting fact: The japanese numbers from 1-9 here are actually taken from Chinese)

10 - Juu - (jew)
11 - Juu ichi - (From this point on, think of it as addition. 10 + 1)
12 - Juu ni - (10 + 2)
13 - Juu san - (etc)
14 - Juu yon/shi
15 - Juu go
16 - Juu roku
17 - Juu nana/shichi
18 - Juu hachi
19 - Juu kyuu/ku

20 - Ni juu - (2 x 10 = 20)
21 - Ni juu ichi - (2 x 10 + 1 = 21)
22 - Ni juu ni - (2 x 10 +2 = 22 etc)

30 - San juu - (3 x 10, same rule as 20)

40 - Yon juu - (4 x 10, etc)

50 - Go juu

60 - Roku juu

70 - Nana juu

80 - Hachi juu

90 - Kyuu juu

100 - Hyaku

End Lesson 4. <3
 
 
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02 May 2007 @ 11:38 pm
I wish to appologise to those who follow my community. I'm very appreciative of your following and interest. Domo Arigatou Gozaimasu. Thank you so very much.

For some of you, you may be aware of the fact that it is in fact the dreaded time of Finals at school. This is the MAIN reason for my absence, as well as the fact that Japanese class has in fact ended. I do have more lessons to post, but I've been busy with many new things including struggling with my credit courses, homework, a new boyfriend, and random panic attacks about my future in general. I hope to be back on course as SOON as the semester has ended and my main tasks are completed.

Please hang in there and keep checking back.

Again, Gomen nasai, I'm sorry.

Domo Arigatou and Sayonara for now.
 
 
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03 April 2007 @ 01:57 pm
Lesson San-ban: 3

Conjugations

[No]: Signifies posession/affiliation

Ex. Watashi wa CCAC no Jessi. - I am Jessi of CCAC. (wah-tah-she wah CCAC no Jessi)

Ex. Tokyo Denki no Jessica desu. - I am Jessica of Tokyo Electric. (Toh-kyoh Den-key no Jessica des)

Ex. Watashi wa no namae wa Jessi desu. - I go by the name of Jessi. (wah-tah-she wa no nahm-eye wa Jessi des)

Ex. *Kore wa Tanaka-san no meishi desu. - This is Tanaka-san's business card. (Core-eh wa Tah-nah-kah-san no may-she des)

*"Kore" is only used in reference to things/objects.


[Ka]: Signifies a question

-add "ka" to the end of a declarative statement.

Ex. Watashi wa Jessi desu.    Vs.    Watashi wa Jessi desu ka?   -   I am Jessi.   Vs.  Am I Jessi?

Ex. Tanaka-san desu.   Vs.  Tanaka-san desu ka?    -   It is Tanaka-san.   Vs.    Are you Tanaka-san?


[Desu]: Signifies Is/Will Be/was/not

- ( A ) wa ( B ) desu/deshita.  -  Is, Will be/Was. (___ wa ___ des/desh-tah)

- ( A ) wa ( B ) janai desu/de wa arimasen/ja arimasen.  -  is not/won't be. de wa arimasen and ja arimasen are formal. (___ wa ___ jah-nye des/ day wa are-ee-mah-sen/jah are-ee-mah-sen)

- ( A ) wa ( B ) ja nakatta desu/de wa arimasen deshita/ja arimasen deshita.  - was not. de wa arimasen deshita and ja arimasen deshita are formal. (___ wa ___ jah na-kah-tah des/day wah are-ee-mah-sen desh-tah/jah are-ee-mah-sen desh-tah)

End Lesson 3.
 
 
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29 March 2007 @ 09:06 pm
Hello, Lesson 2.  I will put phonetic pronunciation guides after phrases.

Phrases & Conversations 

A) O-genki desu ka? (How are you? / Are you well?) (oh gen-key des kah)

- B) Hai, genki desu. (Yes, I am well.) (Hi, gen-key des.)

- B) Ie, genki janai desu. (No, I am not well.) (E-A, gen-key jah-nye des.) The Ie is pronounced as if saying the individual letters E and A.

- B) Maamaa. (So-so.) (just as it looks)

- B) Wakarimasen. (I don't know/don't understand.) (wah-car-ee-mah-sen)

A) Doo shita n desu ka? (What happened?) (Doe she-tah N des ka.) N is spoken with the "nn" sound, not spoken as the letter N.

A) Doo shite desu ka? (Why?) (Doe she-teh des ka.)

A) Odaijini. (Take care of your health.) (Oh-die-jee-nee.)

Motto yukuri hamashite kudasai. (Please speak more slowly.) (Moe-toe you-koo-ri hah-mah-she-teh koo-duh-sye.)

Moo ichido itte kudosai. (Please say that one more time.) (Moe ee-chee-doe it-teh koo-duh-sye.)

Okage sana de. (Thanks to you/Thanks for asking.) (Oh-kah-J sah-nah day.) J pronounced as the letter.

Nan/i? (What?) (nahn or nahn-ee, depends on the situation which form you use.)

I desu ka? (Okay/alright?) (Ee des ka.)


Rock/Paper/Scissors (Decides practically everything.)

1. Saishoagu. (Hold out rock.) (sigh-sho-ah-goo.)
2. Jankenpo. ("Hide" rock at your side.) (Jahn-ken-poe.)
3. Ai Kodesho. (Bring out Rock/Paper/Scissors.) (Aye Koh-deh-sho.)

END Lesson Ni-ban

 
 
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28 March 2007 @ 11:18 am
Lesson 1

Introductory Japanese

Japanese is very much a contextual language. A word's meaning depends on what it is in reference to and how it is used in the sentence.

- of yourself, "-san" is very rude. (Meaning if you introduce yourself "Watashi wa Jessi-san desu." that's considered rather pompous and rude.)

- of bowing, put your right hand over your left at the waist (in front) and bow at the waist. Eye contact is unnecessary.

- It's usually best to use someone's name (in all circumstances) unless you're VERY familiar/close with them, meaning family, good friends, "partners".

The most basic sentence format in Japanese is as follows:

Format: ( A ) wa ( B ) desu.  -   In which case ( A ) is the subject, wa indicates the end of the subject, ( B ) indicates descriptive of the subject, and desu is "to be"

- Subject/what about it/verb. (ex. I/baseball in the park/play.)

- ex. Watashi wa Jessi desu/tomooshimasu.
- translation: As for me (end subject) Jessi is me/is what I humbly refer to myself as.


- in speed speech, the u in "desu" gets dropped. If annunciating (slowly), include the u.

- for the most part, there is very little punctuation:
-- "maru", a little circle at the end of the sentence, same function as a period, or used in transformation of kanji from one form to another. (h->b->p)
-- "tenten", " indicates transformation, similar to the second form of maru. (h->b->p)

Chinese and Japanese are only related in their writing (kanji). A chinese person would be able to read Japanese well enough to know what was printed, but they wouldn't be able to reiterate it as they don't speak the language. Japanese would have a harder time with Chinese due to the fact that Japanese has about 1,000 characters, and Chinese has about 10,000. That would be like an American who has not taken French classes reading French text and only picking up a word here and there due to similarity in spelling.

Kanji - borrowed from chinese, used for numbers and items.
- COULD be put into hiragana, but not normally.

Hiragana - common symbols, used for phonetic spellings.
Katakana - used for foreign words.
Romanji/Romaji - Phonetic translation of japanese sounds into english letters; informal "language" that the japanese would not be able to understand if presented it, subject to translation errors.

End Lesson Ichi-ban.
 
 
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28 March 2007 @ 11:02 am
Congratulations. You have found a community dedicated to the passing on of Introductory level Japanese notes for the world to benefit from.

As for myself, the moderator, I am a student at community college, and these are my notes from an Introductory Japanese course. The text I am using is called Japanese For Busy People; The new version of the most effective course of spoken, everyday japanese. The first of 2, I believe. Created by the Association for Japanese-Language Teaching.

My notes I can acredit mainly to my professor, and I feel they have been very quantitative and helpful so far. I hope that you too will benefit from them.

As for the moderation of this community, I ask that all posts be in relation to Japanese language or Japanese culture. Please no crude, rude, or improper posts.

This community is for the benefit of those who wish to learn something of the Japanese spoken language. Nonsense posts and unrelated posts will be moderated.

Please enjoy.

Sayonara.
 
 
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